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From pressure was placed upon the Pope and Clergy and Henry began to assert his ambition to control the Church of England.

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Thomas More headed the Council as Lord Chancellor. More was a conservative Catholic and pro-Catherine with rigid ideas. Thomas Cromwell — Cromwell took over the quest for the divorce from Cromwell overstepped himself with some of his reforms and his attempts at creating a Protestant foreign alliance through the marriage of Henry to Anne of Cleves in Cromwell fell victim to the Conservative faction at court who manipulated the king.

Early Tudor Government, 1485–1558

Conciliar government — The Council was reformed when it was restored. Decisions were made together, with all members signing letters and papers. Henry maintained ultimate decision making, particularly having an interest in religion and FP. He was executed for treason. At the same time Wolsey had impressed Henry by going against the pro-peace stance of his Councillors and organising his military campaign to France. Increasing access to justice. As Lord Chancellor Wolsey was ceremonially responsible for the overseeing of the legal system.

KS5 Tudor History

Hear Wolsey heard cases of corruption and cases of misconduct by people of higher status in their localities. It heard cases a year vs. Wolsey did though use it to get ride of enemies! The Earl of Northumberland was sent to Fleet Prison in and Lord Burgavenny was accused of illegal retaining in Enclosure still continued though and in he was forced to accept all previously existing enclosures as he made an increasing enemy of the nobility.

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Increasing Royal finances. Wolsey altered the way taxes were collected via subsidies. The parliament in which Wolsey called for more extraordinary income for war was unsuccessful. Foreign policy.

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Twenty-four countries signed the treaty that committed them to avoid war or face invasion. The Treaty bought Henry fame and international prestige.

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When the rebellion collapsed Henry was forced to withdraw his troops with no gains in The A. The Emperor refused an English plan to split France in half. The Emperor took control of much of Italy and gained control of Pope Clement following the sack of Rome in This would be a disaster for Henry! Wolsey and Henry were disappointed that their support of Charles V had bought them nothing, they appeared to have been used as a distraction and had no funds to do anything about it!

In England were signed in as a lesser player in a treaty between Charles V and Francis I following another French defeat at the Battle of Landriano. Reform of the church. Despite the popularity of the Catholic church there was some anti-clericalism and want for reform in England. Wolsey with his multiple Bishoprics, palaces and two illegitimate children from his live-in mistress seemed to exemplify everything that was bad about the clergy.

The Tudors: Mary I - Mary I's Royal Government and Parliament - Episode 36

In Richard Hunne, a London Merchant, had been found hung in his cell at Lambeth Palace whilst awaiting trial in a church court for heresy after refusing to pay a fee for the funeral of his son. Parliament then hounded Wolsey about the case during the session — Wolsey was forced to kneel in submission before Parliament as representative of the clergy. Relations between Wolsey and Parliament were permanently damaged. Wolsey called upon the Bishops to visit and inspect monasteries and other religious institutions — twenty-four houses were dissolved.

Henry VIII and Government

In he drew up a plan to amalgamate religious houses with less than six inhabitants. He set up schools in Ipswich and Cardinal College, Oxford. The break with Rome. He created a complex argument based on the scriptures to gain Henry a divorce from the Catholic church. Deuteronomy though directly contradicted the words of Leviticus! Wolsey also attempted to reignite hostilities between France and the Holy Roman Emperor in an attempt to free the Pope.

Charles was though too entrenched in Italy to be expelled by Francis. Wolsey was out of luck and no longer useful. His fall has been put down to four main reasons; his failure to gain the divorce, his failings in foreign policy, the work of the Boleyn faction Anne and her brother George, Viscount Rochford and the Duke of Norfolk , his reputation and ambition. Despite being allowed to travel North and take on his old role of Archbishop of York, Wolsey was found writing letters to the Pope.

He died on his journey South on November 29th at Leicester Abbey. He helped Wolsey source Italian artists and then acted as his lawyer and secretary. In he became an MP. He never gained the latitude enjoyed by Wolsey though. To deny this would be treasonable, an oath would have to be taken to affirm the acceptance of the new marriage. It stated that Henry was rightly and justly the head of the Church of England. Opponents to the Reformation were dealt with swiftly due to this act. Sir Thomas More was perhaps the most eminent victim, executed for denying the Royal Supremacy in Reformation of the church.

However purgatory was omitted and justification by faith alone going to heaven through belief in good and good works — not paying money to the church was encouraged. In a royal proclamation was issued so that every church had a copy. Thomas Howard pushed through the catholic Six Articles Act in that reversed protestant reforms such as allowing the clergy to marry.

Dissolution of the monasteries. More commissioners were sent out to supervise the closures provoking rebellions in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire…. Some religious officials also bribed commissioners to buy themselves time. Henry sold off the land and used it to increase his navy and fund his foreign policy.

The fall of Anne Boleyn. Relations between Cromwell and the fiery Anne quickly deteriorated though. Cromwell realised that it was she or he who would have to die. A revolution in government? This has since been watered down. After the Dissolution there was no longer Abbots in the House of Lords, peers filled this gap.

Tudor Parliaments

The clergy became a minority. In the House of Commons 14 new boroughs were created enhancing the status of the chamber. Thomas Cromwell had weathered the fall of his previous ally Anne Boleyn by aiding the king in her downfall in Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. All Languages. More filters. Sort order. James Marin rated it liked it Aug 28, Kristin rated it liked it Aug 29, Grimmthorny rated it liked it Aug 01, Jennifer rated it really liked it Aug 12, Antonomasia added it Jan 29, Tracy marked it as to-read Oct 02, Ella Howd marked it as to-read Jan 04, Carolina Casas marked it as to-read Mar 16, Elizabeth marked it as to-read Aug 24, Abby Rose marked it as to-read Jan 16, Diana marked it as to-read Jun 15, Fivewincs marked it as to-read Nov 27, Manya marked it as to-read Jan 15, Maddie marked it as to-read Aug 18, There are no discussion topics on this book yet. About David Loades.

David Loades. David Michael Loades was a British historian who specialised in the Tudor era. In the s and s he taught at the universities of St. Andrews and Durham. From until Loades was Professor of History at the University of Wales; after taking emeritus status, Loades served a David Michael Loades was a British historian who specialised in the Tudor era. From until Loades was Professor of History at the University of Wales; after taking emeritus status, Loades served as Honorary Research Professor at the University of Sheffield from until Books by David Loades.

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